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新人教版英语初二下册第一单元要点总结

   日期:2020-12-22     来源:www.vqunkong.com    作者:智学网    浏览:339    评论:0    
核心提示:下面是智学网为您收拾的新人教版英语初二下册第一单元要点总结,仅供大伙参考。Unit 1 What’s the matter?一、入门知识1. What

下面是智学网为您收拾的新人教版英语初二下册第一单元要点总结,仅供大伙参考。

Unit 1 What’s the matter?
一、入门知识
1. What’ s the matter? 如何啦?出什么事情了?
matter/ ' mt) /n.问题;事情
What’ s the matter with you?= What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you? 你如何了?
: matter 和trouble 为名词, 其前可加the 或形容词性物主代词,wrong 是adj. 不可以加the
用于询问某人有哪些病或某人遇到什么麻烦、问题其后跟询问对象时, 与介词with连用。即:
What’s the matter with sb.? = What’s your trouble? = What’s up? = What happens to sb.?
— What’s the matter with you ? — I have a bad cold.
2. I had a cold.我感冒了。 have a cold=catch a cold=have the flu感冒
have a fever 发烧 have a cough咳嗽 have a stomachache胃疼,肚子疼 have a toothache牙疼 have a headache头疼
3. 身体部位+ache(疼痛)构成新的复合词
stomach+ache=stomachache head+ache=headache tooth+ache=toothache back+ache=backache背部痛
4. much too+ 形容词,意为 太...... ,too much+名词,意为 非常多,很多 。
5. enough足够的/地,enough放在名前后,形副后。good enough足够好,enough money=much money
6. lie down躺下, lie 躺,躺着,过去式lay;lie撒谎,过去式lied
7. maybe “可能”,常用于句首,表示可能性,后加句子。Maybe you are right.
may be,是情态动词+be的结构,意为“可能,或许”,后加名词、代词或形容词。He may be angry.
sound like+名词代词和从句:It sounds like you don’t know the truth.
It sounds like a good idea. sound+形容词,“听起来,仿佛”,The music sounds nice.
9. need 需要,实义动词need+名词,需要某物;
need to do sth.需要做某事,主语一般是人,表示人主动的动作:You need to listen carefully during class.
need doing sth.主语一般是物,表示被动的动作:Your dirty clothes need washing.
10. get off 下(公交车) get on 上车
11. agree 赞同,同意;
agree with sth. 赞同某事 如:I agree with that idea.
agree to sb. 赞同某人的建议 如:I agree to LiLei.
12. trouble问题,麻烦 ;be in trouble遇到麻烦,make trouble 制造麻烦 ,have trouble doing sth. =have difficulties doing sth做......有麻烦。
13. right away=right now=at once,意为 立刻 。
14. advice [不可数名词]劝告,建议,向…征求建议, give sb. advice on sth.就某事给某人建议; advise [动词] advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事
advise sb. doing sth.
exercise 训练、训练
当exercise意为“训练”时,为可数名词 即可加s
当exercise意为“训练”时,为不可数名词 即不加s
16. hurt 及物动词,使……疼痛,……受伤,He hurt his leg while exercising.
不及物动词,……(部位)疼。 His leg hurt badly.
clean 打扫,clean the classroom打扫教室, 干净的 ,cleaner意为 清洗工 。
18. hit (用手或器具)打;击打 The boy hit the dog with a stone.
hit sb. on the head/ nose/ back打某人的头、鼻子、背部,on用在所打较硬的部位;
hit sb. in the face/ eye/ stomach 打某人的脸、双眼、肚子,in用在所打较软的部位。
be used to sth./ doing sth.习惯于、适应了……、做某事,强调状况;His grandpa was used to country life.
Mary is not used to getting up early in the morning.
get/ become used to sth./ doing sth. “变得习惯,渐渐适应……”强调过程、动作:
It’s difficult for one to get used to another country’s habit.
20. free [形容词]空闲的free time;不收费的the drink is for free;自由的I want to become a free bird.
free使……解脱,得到自由:He could not free his arm.
run out用完,用尽 When his water run out, he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life.
物sth. run out. 某物用尽了。
人sb. run out of sth. 人用尽了某物。He run out of all his money last night.
22. risk to do sth. 冒险去做某事 take a risk=take risks 冒险
23. the importance of sth.(做)某事的重要程度
We students should know the importance of English.
importance n. 要紧(性), important adj.要紧的,unimportant adj.无关紧要的
decision 决定;抉择; make a decision 做决定 ;
make a decision to do sth.= decide to do sth. 。
25. be in the control of …掌管,管理 The headmaster is in the control of this new school.
be out of control没办法控制,没办法管理 be under control被控制住,在控制之中
26. mind意为 在意 ,mind doing sth. 在意做某事 ,
Would you mind my opening the window?
27. give up sth. 放弃(做)某事,give up computer games;
give up后可接名词、代词和动词ing形式,也可不接,如: Never give up easily.
二、重点语法
英语中共有八个反身代词,在用时应注意和它所指的相应的对象在人称、性别、数上维持一致。
数 人称 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称
单数 myself yourself himself herself itself
复数 ourselves yourselves themselves

1. 可用作宾语,指的是宾语和主语表示同一个或同一些的人或事物。
如:Maria bought herself a scarf. We must look after ourselves very well.
2. 可用作表语,指的是表语和主语表示同一个或同一些人或事物。 如: She isn’t quite herself today.
3. 可用作主语或宾语的同位语,常用来加大语气。
如:She herself will fly to London tomorrow. I met the writer himself last week.
4. 用在某些固定短语当中。
look after oneself / take care of oneself 照顾自己 teach oneself sth./ learn sth. by oneself自学
enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快
help oneself to sth 请自用……(随便吃/喝些……).
hurt oneself摔伤自己
say to oneself自言自语
leave sb. by oneself把某人单独留下
buy oneself sth.给自己买……东西
introduce oneself 介绍……自己

1. 反身代词不可以单独做主语,但可以做主语的同位语,起强调用途。 如:我一个人能完成作业。
(误)Myself can finish my homework. I myself can finish my homework. / I can finish my homework myself.
2. 反身代词表示“某人自己”不可以表示“某人的东西”,由于它没所有格的形式。表达“某人我们的(东西)”时,须要用one’s own.
如:我用我一个人的蜡笔画画。(误)I’m drawing with myself crayons. I’m drawing with my own crayons.

 
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